Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

As electric vehicles (EVs) gain popularity, it's important to understand the different types available. Here's an overview of the most common options:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric, powered by rechargeable batteries instead of gasoline engines. They're zero-emission vehicles that produce no harmful tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) combine gas-powered engines with electric motors. They can recharge their batteries through regenerative braking, which captures energy that's usually lost during braking and uses it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have larger batteries than HEVs and can be charged from the grid. They can operate on electric power alone for several dozen miles before the gasoline engine takes over. When the battery is depleted, they function like regular hybrids and can travel using gasoline power.